Windows Vista Basic Troubleshooting Tips Guide.

Windows vista Basic Troubleshooting Tips.


Windows Vista Tips to enable Aero Cursors.

Vista Troubleshooting tips 1
Microsoft windows vista has included new aero cursors that is not turned on by default. To troubleshooting this in vista.Follow the steps below.
:Right click on your desktop and select personalize.Click on the mouse cursors item to select a vista graphics different mouse cursor scheme.Change the scheme from none to Windows vista Aero.Click ok to see the new aero mouse cursors.

Kill Security center notification problem in Windows Vista Basic
Vista Troubleshooting tips 2:
Windows vista security center remind you all the time about anti virus. New easy way to disable the security center messages.Click on the Security Center/Windows Security Alerts logo in the system tray.Click change the way Security Center alerts me.Select I do not want notification messages from Security Center.

Use small icons size tip for Windows vista
Windows Vista Troubleshooting Tips large icon
The Windows vista icon size of the recently run programs list on the Start Menu is set to large by default. This is great if you like the large icons but it also cuts down on the number of recently run programs that can be displayed. Follow the steps below to give your Start Menu a cleaner look.
windows vista tips
disable large icons problem
Right click on the start button and select properties.
Click on the customize button.
Scroll to the bottom of the list and remove the check from use large icons.
You can now also increase the number of recently run programs in vista that are displayed to something larger than 9.
Hit ok when you are finished.

Windows vista adiitional clock
Windows Vista tips to add additional clocks to the system tray. Click the clock, and then click date and time settings. Click the additional clocks tab. You can add one or two additional clocks to the tray and select their time zones.
Here is more Windows Vista Features

Vista's word and notepad document more secure
You can create XML documents, which are more secure than regular text files or even word processor docs. Just create a document in a word processor, print(not print out ) it via the options menu, and select the XPS printer.Thats it u have secure document.

Vista Home Basic Internet Explorer Problem
If you’re annoyed by Internet Explorer’s incessant barking that you’ve lowered your security settings , launch “gpedit.msc” from either the Run command or Start Search field, navigate through Local Computer Policy / Computer Configuration / Administrative Templates / Windows Vista Components / Internet Explorer. In the rightmost pane, double-click “Turn off the Security Settings Check feature” and set it to Enabled.


Windows Vista Task manager for troubleshooting
The Windows Task Manager gives you a lot more troubleshooting information in Vista.Click ctr+alt+del, Flip to the Processes tab, and in the View menu, click select columns and add description, command line, and Image path name. Moreover, when you right-click a process, you can select either go to service(s) or open file location. These are all long overdue options.

Displaying Run on the vista Desktop
You can create a shortcut for the Run command on your desktopFrom the start menu, go to all programs / accessoriesdrag a shortcut for Run to the desktop. Vista displaying Run on the start menu by default, Run is not shown when you open the start menu.To enable this:Right click on the taskbar select properties click on the start menu tab click on the customize button scroll down and check Run (it's about 2/3's of the way towards the bottom.
windows vista problems

Windows Vista Tips to allow Network access without passwordIn windows vista you can access computer locally without password but it does not permit to access other network computer to access it without password. But you can change this default setting.
Go to run and type there “gpedit.msc”.
It will open group policy now go to computer configuration- vista setting- security setting
-local policies(here you can set many local policy as per your security demands).-security options.
Now you need to find and disable following options

Double click on accounts: limit local account use of blank password to console login only.

There are lots of debate about Windows Vista Requirements for hardware.
Windows vista tips to add Internet Explore7 Icon on desktop. In windows vista you can not find IE7 icon on desktop by default.
But you can add it by registry editing.
Take back up of registry before making any changes
Go to run and type regedit
And expand to Hkey-current user> software >Microsoft> windows > current version> explorer>HideDesktopIcons>NewStartPanel. And give value” {871C5380-42A0-1069-A2EA-08002B30309D}"=dword:00000000.If you not find HideDesktopIcons then create new dword and give value as above.
Now close regedit and restart the computer.

Windows Vista Tips for Resizing hard disk Partitions
Before windows vista each Microsoft operating system require third party software to resize partition like c: or d:/.But windows vista has inbuilt features to do this.
Select my computer and right click it
Clicks on manage option and then select Disk Management.
Now select partition on which you want to make changes like increase the size of partition or decrease the size of partition.
Note: this will not delete your data on that partition but it is good if you take back up before doing such changes.

Access Denied error in windows vista
When you trying to access some windows folder like document and setting you may get error message that “access denied”. you need to change ownership of this folder. So open properties by right click on it. In security button select advance tab and click edit button. Now change ownership to your account by highlighting your account and also select replace ownership to sub containers and apply changes.
comment: futher tips for microsoft windows vista available in future.


Windows Vista vs XP,Windows Vista Installation>

Vista Tips

Vista Tips to Recover Deleted Files

Each post has new windows vista tips. In this post I Explained how to recover deleted files from windows vista.
Windows vista System Restore makes it possible to roll back important system files to previous dates. But it is also possible to restore single file or documents those are deleted or modified. System restore point automatically generates everyday.


now make sure system restore is enabled. Now go to the folder where file was saved. Now right click in is and choose the tab Restore Previous Versions as shown in the figure.


It loads Folder Properties with a list of previous saved versions of the folder. As shown in the figure it has 1 restore point. If more than one vista restore point that select 1 by clicking it.


You have three options to access the old files - either Open, Copy or Restore.
• Open allows you to browse the archive of the folder from the restore date, letting you drag and drop any number of files out of the archive (probably the easiest method).
• Copy will prompt you to select a destination folder to copy all of the backup archive to. This is useful if you want to restore the entire folder to a new location.
• Restore will overwrite the currently selected folder with all the files from the restore point (overwriting any modifications). Only use this if you are aware any file since this restore date will be overwritten.
this Windows vista tip help to recover your deleted files

Vista guide for DPI scalings change

Vista guide for DPI (Dots per inch) Scalings

Although these options might create some confusion it won’t take you long to get used to the new configurations for DPI scalings in Vista. You can open the Control Panel and open the Appearance and Personalization options (then select Personalize), or you can right-click in the middle of your screen and select Personalize. These settings allow you to configure most aspects of the Windows UI, including your screen background (wallpaper), screensavers, window color schemes, sounds, mouse pointers, themes, and display settings. In addition, here is where you configure your Windows Aero settings if your display adapter (video card) supports it. One of the more useful settings you can change is the Font DPI settings. If you type Adjust font size in the Search box, you will see the link for the DPI Scaling utility shown in Figure 1.6. The default scale is 96 DPI, which might be too small. The second option is 120 DPI, which many users find to be too large. If you click the Custom DPI option, however, you can use the slider to change the font size to something that suits your specific needs.



As anyone who uses an ultra-portable laptop would know, reading ultra-minimalistic weblogs with 9px-sized fonts on a high-resolution 1400×1050 display panel spanning an entire 12× is like an everyday blessing for eye-care companies. Now’s a good time to invest in the laser eye surgery business. Whilst desktop monitors have always maintained the adequately readable 96 DPI standard with LCD displays, pixel-density on laptops has reached as high as 144 DPI, and that means smaller interfaces and fonts. But who doesn’t want more pixels? The more pixels, the clearer the image. Windows Vista aims to reduce the negative effects of high-DPI displays by introducing an updated DPI-scaling engine for the desktop compositor. This allows icons, interfaces and text to be scaled bigger to compensate for the extra pixels. In theory, everything should look just as crisp and detailed compared to the default 96 DPI. But in practice, due to lack of vectorized interface elements and icons, it’s not perfect.

When you go to change the percentage of DPI the drop down button only allows you to select up to 200%. However, if you move the slider you can go as high as 500% (not recommended, but fun to see).

Changing windows vista Boot Graphic logo

vista tips for Changing windows vista Boot Graphic

You may like the Vista boot screens. We love when that little orb appears in the middle of the screen and then the colorful login screen displays. But if you don’t like, you can actually change it slightly. During boot, behind the scenes is a boot screen that Vista techno-geeks call Aurora. The only difference between it and what you see by default is that, instead of a scrolling bar with a Vista graphic at the beginning of the process, you see a stationary picture with the text Starting Windows Vista at the bottom.

Here are the steps for vista tips to change boot screen. To enable the “Aurora” boot screen:

1. Press the + R keys in combination to open Run dialog.


2. Type MSCONFIG.EXE.
3. If User Account Control prompts you to allow the action, click on Continue.
4. In the “System Configuration” window, click on the Boot tab.


5. Select your Windows Vista installation and under Boot options, check No GUI boot.
6. Press OK.
7. In the dialog that appears, check “Don’t show this message again”, and then click on Restart.
8. Your computer will now reboot, and you will see the “aurora” boot screen with text that says “Starting Windows Vista.” And if you really like the Aurora boot screen you should also try out the Aurora screensaver.

Vista guide Blocking Device Installation

Vista guide for Blocking Device Installation

These settings are located in
Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\System\Device Installation. Even you can do this from registry setting and also from windows vista group policy.


This windows vista setting allows / restricts devices from being installed on computers within your network. With this level of control you will be able to establish and enforce policy settings that can block access to USB drivers, CD-RW or DVD-RW drivers and other types of removable media.

By this you can create a policy that says whether or not you can put a USB hard drive in your machine. I can set it up so it’s only read access. Lots of corporations want people to use USB storage devices but don’t want them to take data out. Coupled with the intelligent firewall [in Vista], you can really block Internet access so machines are only used in the context and domain that you like.

Without control over the installation and use of removable devices, users can introduce viruses, worms, and other malicious applications using these media or user can steal important data.

Windows Vista Troubleshooting tricks

Windows Vista Troubleshooting Tricks

Windows Vista Tricks Indexing Options

Windows Vista works in the background to automatically index all the files in the Start Menu, user profile folders and files setup for offline access by default. If you havemany files in these locations and the files change often, the indexing service may slow down your system's performance. Unlike Windows XP, Vista now allows you toeasily tweak the indexing service following the steps below. It is recommended that you disable indexing for the other locations other than the Start Menu for maximumperformance. Bear in mind that while this tweak speeds up your overall system performance, it will also slow you down when searching for files in those locations.This Windows Vista Troubleshooting tips also imporve windows vista speed.

-->Click on the Start Button and enter Indexing Options. Hit Enter and the Indexing Options should load.
-->Click on the Modify button, followed by Show all locations.
Scroll through the tree-view and uncheck all options except the Start Menu. Hit OK.

Note: For advanced users, you can also change other indexing options, like the file types to index, by clicking on the Advanced button.


Adjust Vista Glass Window Border


- Right click on your desktop and select Personalize.
- Click -> Windows Color and Appearance.
- Click -> Open Classic Appearance Properties
- Click -> Advanced. - Select -> Border Padding in the Items drop down box.
- Increase or decrease your border size in windows vista.
- Hit OK.
Stop Applications That Auto-start On Startup - Windows Vista Troubleshooting 2

There are 2 ways to stop applications that auto-start when you login to Windows Vista. You can either use the System Configuration Utility or the new Software Explorer in
Windows Defender

Method 1: System Configuration Utility
Click on the Start Button, enter msconfig and hit Enter.
Click on the Startup tab.
Uncheck items that you do want to auto-start and click OK.

Method 2: Windows Defender
Click on the Start Button, enter Windows Defender and hit Enter.
Click on the Tools from the top menu bar.
Click on Software Explorer and select Show for All Users.
Select an application to either Remove or Disable.

Editing the Boot file in Windows Vista -(troubleshooting helpful)

One of the major changes in Vista that the average user will not notice but anyone that has a multi-boot system will is that the old text based Boot.ini file no longer exists. It
has been replaced by a boot config database that is edited via a command line tool BCDEDIT.
Whilst BCDEDIT works quite well - fumbling around with the command line, ensuring the right switches and settings are put in can sometimes be pretty frustrating (no - I am
not saying that a GUI tool replaces a CLI tool - but I am saying that for ease of use a good GUI can be very helpful)
A freeware GUI Boot database editing tool that I have seen and used is VistaBootPRO. Putting it mildly - it rocks! I should point out at this time that I am under no
commercial agreements with the makers of the product - I just like it and have and will recommend it to any administrator of Vista.

This Windows vista troubleshooting tips help you optimise windows vista.

vista guides virtual memory configuration

Windows vista guide for virtual memory

Virtual Memory is system memory that is used by windows vista and it is part of hard disk. Operating system combines computer's RAM with virtual memory on your disk. When your PC uses more RAM, virtual memory transfer data from RAM to a space the paging file also called as swap file This will free up RAM and because of this applications can run smoothly without crashes.

If you don’t have high RAM by increasing the size of your virtual memory you can increase overall memory. Even if your PC has plenty of RAM available it is nice to configure paging file.

Windows vista guide for virtual memory configuration. Just follow these steps:

Right click on My Computer. And select Properties.
Select the System tab, click on advanced system settings.
This will open the advanced tab. Go to the Performance section and click on the Settings button.

In the Performance Options window you will see the current size of the swap/paging file which is default configuration by windows vista. To configure virtual memory click on Change.
By default, Windows Vista manages the paging file size for all your drives. To change this, first you need to deselect the checkbox from the top.

If is possible to configure the paging file for each of your drives. By default, the paging file is placed on the "C:" drive. If you like to use another partition, then select “c: drive", check the No paging file option and click on Set.
Now Windows Vista needs to create the paging file on different partition. Click the partition on which you want to configure paging file and then select System managed size or Custom size.

For custom size paging you need to give value for the initial size and the maximum size. For initial size=Give value around the original size of RAM installed)
Maximum size =2 - 3 times the size of your RAM.

After doing changes you need to restart windows vista.

I would suggest that keep record of default value for paging file.And if after making changes to paging file you observed that you performance reduced then change paging file size to original value.This guide for windows vista for techi guy only.

computer tips and tricks.

Determining Your Processor's Speed

You can also The tool can be accessed directly by executing WINREP.EXE
To find out how fast the processor is, while in Win95/98,

Go to Accessories / System Tools / System Information
Click on Tools
Select Windows Report Tool
Click on the blue Change System File Selections towards the bottom of the window
This will perform a short scan of your system files


Swapping the Mouse Buttons for Left Hand from the Command LineIf you want to swap the mouse buttons for a left handed person,
you can do this from the command line.

Win9x:
RUNDLL user.exe,SwapMouseButton

Win2000:
RUNDLL32 user32.dll,SwapMouseButton

To swap it back again to a right-hand mouse, you need to run the mouse icon from the Control Panel.



Using the Wheel Mouse to Control the Font Size
Try using the Control key with the mouse wheel.
This works a zoom function.
I know you do this for Office 2k apps as well, but in IE it just works on the text, so the page stays somewhat the same.


Creating a Directory That is Not Accessible From Windows
To create the directory, type md, then a space, then holding down your ALT button type on number pad only 255.
To access cd\ALT+255 from DOS
When you try to access this from the Explorer you get an Access Denied error.

Deleting the TEMP Directory at BootupNormally your TEMP directory can fill with .tmp files, files left over from installs etc.
An easy way to delete it each time you boot is to add the following lines to your AUTOEXEC.BAT file:

@C:\WINDOWS\COMMAND\DelTree /Y C:\WINDOWS\Temp\


Saving File Searches
If you want to review the results of a file search at a later time:

While on the Desktop or with the Explorer, press F3 to start the search
Click Options / Save Results
Do the search
After the search select File / Save Search
An icon will be placed on the desktop with the search results.

Renaming CD ROM Drive Letter
Rename the drive letters of your CD drive(s) from the back of the alphabet, eg, Z, Y. This way, if you add extra hard disks, your CD drives do not get re-lettered.

You can do this from the Device Manager.
Open up the CD ROM section
Open the CD ROM you want to change
Under Settings, change the Start Drive Letter to higher in the alphabet.


Powering on the Computer With Your Mouse
If you have ATX Main Board, ATX case Award Bios, or any Bios that supports PS/2 Mouse Power On, then you can power on your computer with a double click.

To activate this feature:

Restart your computer
Then press Del when the BIOS message appears to enter your CMOS configuration
Select Integrated Peripherals from main menu
If PS/2 mouse power on disabled, activate it by press page up/ page down key it will became Double-Click
Press Esc key to exit
Press F10 to save and exit Power off your PC
Now double-click the left mouse button,.. Your PC will turn on


Removing Programs from the Control Panel
Easier way to remove control panel programs.
Edit your control.ini file in your Windows directory.
Under the section [don't load] add the appropriate .cpl file.
For example to get rid of Network add netcpl.cpl=no
This will disable users from accessing the network control panel.

You can remove seected icons in your Control Panel by simply moving, deleting or renaming the *.cpl file in your C:\WINDOWS\SYSETM directory.
The icon or file will still work even if it is not on the control panel screen.


Creating Shutdown, Restart and Logoff IconsTo create the icons, create a shortcut on the desktop.

For Shutdown, the command is C:\WINDOWS\RUNDLL.EXE user.exe,exitwindows
For Restart, the command is C:\WINDOWS\RUNDLL.EXE user.exe,exitwindowsexec
For Logoff, the command is C:\WINDOWS\RUNDLL.EXE shell32.dll,SHExitWindowsEx


This trick will allow you to create files and folders without any name.Just follow the following steps:
1.Select any file or folder.
2.Right click on it,press rename or simply press F2.
3.Press and hold the alt key.While holding the Alt key,type numbers 0160 from the numpad.
Note:Type the numbers 0160 from the numpad,that is,the numbers present on the right side of the keyboard.Dont type the numbers which are present on top of the character keys.
4.Press Enter and the nameless file or folder will be created.

Reason:The file or folder that seems nameless is actually named with a single space.
But what if you want to create another nameless file or folder in the same directory ?
For this you will have to rename the file with 2 spaces.Just follow these steps below:
1.Select file,press F2.
2.Hold alt key and type 0160 from the numpad.
3.Release the alt key.Now without doing anything else,again hold alt key and press 0160.
4.Press enter and you will have second nameless file in the same directory.
5.Repeat step 3 to create as many nameless files or folders in the same directory.

Windows Vista tips Troubleshooting

Windows Vista Game Explorer Guide

Windows vista guides for Game explorer

Windows vista is known for graphics and gaming has most impact on it. Now windows vista have a additional game explorer right off the start Manu so you need not to find in program Manu or short cut on desktop.

I can make you sure that game performing excellent on windows vista. The game explorer can handle all the games and many more here I guide you windows vista features for game explorer.


Features in Windows Vista Guide Game Explorer:-

1. Windows vista start Manu have central launching pad for games.
2. Each game have separate icon for games to easy access.
3. Shows in detail information about each game developer and publisher
4 Date of release, Box cover art, genre and game rating.
5. By Right-clicking you can access to a menu of play tasks to customize playing options.

It also provide support section that guide you which configuration require for games, Also help section and important publisher updates.

Windows Vista Guide for game explorer problem and issue.
Windows vista does not install game into “game section” automatically. For example War Front, Titan Quest, and Half-Life 2.

If you drag icon to game section of vista it does not create a consistent icon for example Company of Heroes, or old games like X3 and Guild Wars.

Possible Solution for Windows vista Game Explorer:

The games explorer make Google image search for title, and allow the user to pick image they want. Many times a Google image search will throw the box art up on screen. Now when user satisfied with selection windows vista save image to default for game, movie, and CD art.

Windows Vista Graphics Secret

Windows vista guide about Secret of graphics in windows vista


Microsoft took long time to introduce windows vista and everyone waiting for windows vista for its excellent graphics features. But do you know why such excellent graphics in windows vista. It is due to DirectX 10.

You may think what is Directx ?

Directx is the main core things which make the games work. All the graphics designs are because of it. When Microsoft launched first graphic base operating system in 95 it has so many limitation due to restriction on hardware like audio device video. Thus directx made API or functions which can be used in windows vista.

How DirectX10 makes it so real?

1. In reality every point is unique. 2 points on your face is not similar.directX started because of restriction on number of unique objects that can show in Scene. But with Direct you can show 100s of unique objects. This means if you want to show 100 flowers then you need not to create one and copy it to 100 places but create 100 different flowers. That makes it more real.
2. Most of the hi-fi graphics video games look so real as Directx using technique called as geometry shaders. It adds more “triangles” in a particular point it makes them real.


Can this high graphics make my CPU slow and system crash?
If you have separate graphics card with high memory then this is absolutely fine. As Directx will transfer the load on to the graphics card and your CPU can handle other systems operations.


So before upgrading to windows vista you must check the hardware configuration of your system .I guess this Windows Vista Guides will help you.

Windows vista wow effect on XP

vsta's WOW Effect in XP

Vista's WOW Effect in xp:-
1) Vista is most famous for its 3D interface and 3D flip flop.Now U can get the same in ur XP. It allows open windows to flip and tilt in a sliding sideway stack with transparent windows effect in 3D layout.
http://rapidshare.com/files/20160829/TopDesk.rarNotice

2) Use a great freeware software to give thumbnail preview image for each task in the Windows Taskbar, as seen in the upcoming Microsoft Windows Vista
http://rapidshare.com/files/20160833 VisualTaskTips_21.

3) I got another tool to give 3D filp show in XP. It works with Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows Me, Windows 2000 and Windowns XP.
http://rapidshare.com/files/20160828/Madotate_2.02.02_1_.zipNotice

4) Visual Tooltip makes it possible to show a thumbnail of a window by putting the mouse cursor over a button of the taskbar.
http://rapidshare.com/files/20160834/VisualTooltip21.zipNotice

Windows Vista tips Troubleshooting

Windows Vista Problem Troubleshooting

Windows vista Problem
Telnet is not Installed by Default in windows vista.

Telnet configuration problem

1. Goto the Start menu and Control Panel.
2. If you are using the default Windows Vista Control Panel, click on programs:
untitled-2.jpg
if you are using the “Classic” control panel click on “Programs & Features”
3. Click on “Turn Windows Features On or Off”
4. Scroll down to “Telnet Client” and click the box.
5. Click OK and wait for Vista to take it’s sweet time to install the Telnet client.

make windows xp fast

Tip 1: disable Autostart Programs which are not used regularly
Many software by default configured as a autostart program. This programs run at background. You can see such programs at taskbar. But some are completely running at back ground completely hidden. These programs consume memory and processing time.

By using Msconfig.exe configuration utility that comes with WinXP , you can organize the startup process and identify unnecessary programs that run automatically.
To use this utility, follow these steps:


Click on Start, and open Run, write Msconfig.exe and click enter.
On the new windows, you can observe programs list and processes that are automatically runs while Windows XP starts.
Uncheck the box of any programs that user doesn't need.
Apply the changes, and then restart the computer for the changes to take effect.

Tip 2: Clean Prefetch folder periodically

It is observed that WinXP loads applications much faster than old windows operating system. WinXP achieve this by Prefetch technique, in which the windowsxp collect information about each program used and stores this information at \Windows\Prefetch folder. Now when next time user open the same application, WinXP uses the prefetched information .and due to this applications appears to load vary fast.

But this creates one problem: After a certain period, the Prefetch folder collected soo much information. This makes the windowsXP busy loading lots of applications into memory, it results in slow down boot process.
You can troubleshoot this problem by removing collected information in Prefetch folder.

Open the run command box.
Write there prefetch. This will open prefetch folder.
Select the entire files in prefetch folder and delete it.

Repeat this task every 15 to 20 days.


Tip3: Remove Remnants of Old SP2 Installs

Upgrading XP with SP2 leaves a lot of unused files on the disk that the user will need only if they were to uninstall XP. Personally, I've never had to back-out of SP2, but if you did, chances are it would have be shortly after you installed it. So, assuming the user is happy with their SP2 installation, remove these old files by following these steps:



A very big System Restore point will have been made by the SP2 installation. To be sure you have a good regular size restore point, create a new one by going to Start > All Programs > Accessories > System Tools > System Restore. In the System Restore dialog box, click Create a restore point. Then click Next. Type a description for your restore point, such as "After SP2" and click Create. Then do a clean-up by going to Start > All Programs > Accessories > System Tools > Disk Cleanup. Under "More Options," click the bottom button to remove all but the most recent restore point.

Delete the hidden folder of files that would be restored by an uninstall: C:\Windows\$NTServicePackUninstall. After this step, if you try to use the "Remove" for Service Pack 2 in Add/Remove Programs, it will fail and offer to delete the entry.

There may also be a large folder C:\Windows\SoftwareDistribution\Download, depending on how the installation was done. This can be deleted, too.

Check that the installation's temporary folder was properly removed. The directory will be in the root directory of the drive where you downloaded the setup files (probably on C:) and will have a long name of random letters. If you can find this folder, remove
Paging File Across Multiple Hard Drives
If a client runs demanding applications, such as complex graphics or video editing, try a more complex tweak associated with the system's "paging file." The paging file is closely related to the physical RAM installed in the computer. Its purpose is to extend the amount of physical RAM and make it available to the system.

Tweaking the paging file boosts performance by speeding access to the PC's store of virtual memory, so bear with me. Of course, the amount of performance increase depends greatly upon the application and machine. But increases of 30 percent or more are not uncommon when the PC is memory-constrained.

A PC's paging file (Pagefile.sys) is a hidden file on a computer's hard disk that WinXP uses as if it were RAM. The paging file and physical memory make up the total virtual memory. By default, Windows stores the paging file on the boot partition—the partition that contains the OS and its support files.

To enhance performance, it's good practice to put the paging file (or a portion of it) on a different partition than the one WinXP is on, and to also put the paging file and WinXP on different physical hard-disk drives. That way, Windows can handle multiple I/O requests more quickly. Otherwise, when the paging file is on the boot partition, Windows must perform disk reading and writing requests on both the system folder and the paging file. But when the paging file is moved to a different partition, there is less competition between reading and writing requests.

But there is one problem with removing the paging file from the boot partition: Windows cannot create a dump file (Memory.dmp) in which to write debugging information in the event that a kernel mode Stop Error message occurs. This could lead to extended downtime if you must debug to troubleshoot.

The optimal solution is to create one paging file that is stored on the boot partition, and then create another paging file on another partition that is less frequently accessed on a different physical hard disk (assuming a different physical hard disk is available). Sounds complicated, but it's really not. WinXP uses an internal algorithm to determine which paging file to use for virtual memory management. By design, Windows will use the paging file on the less frequently accessed partition over the paging file on the more heavily accessed boot partition.

WinXP performance can be enhanced even more by creating the second paging file so that it exists on its own partition, with no data or operating-system-specific files. So if you have two or more hard drives, especially if they reside on separate IDE channels, you can split the paging file across these two drives. WinXP, by accessing both of the drives at the same time to read/write information, will considerably improve its performance.

The following steps show an example of adding a second paging file location: From System Properties > Advanced > Performance > Settings > Virtual Memory. Then assign the paging file a size on each drive.

Here's how I did mine. I have two hard drives, each formatted with two partitions. In other words, I have a total of four partitions being displayed. On my secondary hard drive, I created the first partition and called it "my_swap." Since I have 512 MB of RAM, I created the partition with 1.5 GB. On this partition, I assigned the swap file of 764 MB to 1500 MB. On the primary partition, which contains my OS, I also have a swap file of the same 764 MB to 1500 MB.

WinXP sizes the paging file to about 1.5 times the amount of actual physical memory by default. While this is good for systems with smaller amounts of memory (under 512 MB), it's unlikely that a typical XP desktop system will ever need 1.5 X 512 MB or more of virtual memory unless special programs require it. If you have less than 512 MB of memory, leave the paging file at its default size. If you have 512 MB or more, change the ratio to 1:1 paging file size to physical memory size.

For those who'd like a more exact method for figuring the optimal paging file size, see this article at Microsoft's support site: How to determine the appropriate page file size for 64-bit versions of Windows Server 2003 or WinXP. For more information on optimizing XP's paging file, see Microsoft's support site: How to configure paging files for optimization and recovery in WinXP.

Tip 4: Speed-up the Start Menu with Registry Editor

The default speed of the Start Menu is pretty slow, but you can fix that by editing a Registry Key. The Microsoft Registry Editor (regedit.exe) enables you to view, search for, and change settings in your system registry, which contains information about how your computer runs. Although you can use Registry Editor to inspect and modify the registry, doing so is not recommended by Microsoft, as making an incorrect change can damage the system.

Before you fire up the Registry Editor, make sure you know how to restore the registry and are familiar with all the risks. For details, read this Microsoft article: Using Regedit.exe.

If you're comfortable with the risks, follow these three steps to speed-up the Start Menu with the Registry Editor:



Click Start, then click Run.
Type Regedit, then click OK.
Locate the value for HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ Control Panel \ Desktop \ MenuShowDelay. By default, the value is set to 400. Change this to a smaller value, such as 0, to speed it up.

Tip 5: Disable Costly Display Options

WinXP provides some pretty effects when it opens menus, Tooltips and boxes, but all that carries a cost in valuable CPU cycles. It's not a big performance drain, but unless your clients love these niceties, you can boost performance by shutting them off. Here's how:



Click Start > Control Panel > System Information.
On System Properties, click the Advanced tab.
In the Performance section, click Settings.
Consider disabling the following:


Fade or slide menus into view
Fade or slide ToolTips into view
Fade out menu items after clicking
Show shadows under menus
Slide open combo boxes
Slide taskbar buttons
Use a background image for each folder type
Use common tasks in folders


Tip 6: Disable Indexing Services

Indexing Services is a small program that uses large amounts of RAM. Its job is to process indexes and update lists of all the files that are on the computer, so that when the user searches for something, the system will search faster by scanning the indexed lists. The problem is that Indexing typically uses lots of CPU time.

If the user doesn't search their computer often, Indexing won't help them at all. And if they do search frequently (depending on what they are looking for and how the machine is used), Indexing still may not make your searches faster. Consequently, many XP users, looking for better performance, have turned indexing off and never looked back.

You can easily disable Indexing. Here's how:



Go to Start.
Click Settings.
Click Control Panel.
Double-click Add/Remove Programs.
Click the Add/Remove Window Components.
Uncheck the Indexing services.
Click Next.

With the tweaks in this Recipe, your clients' PCs should be running up to maximum speed. Once you've tried these performance boosts, I'm sure you'll be amazed at how a few minutes of maintenance in the right spots can rejuvenate a PC. Your clients will enjoy better performance without dropping a bundle on a new PC.

Windows Vista tips Troubleshooting

Install Windows Vista home without product key

You can install Vista with no product key and have 30 days to evaluate it.

Boot from the DVD and start the installation
Select the Language, Time and Currency, and Keyboard
Click on Next
Click on Install Now
Don't enter a Product Key
Uncheck Automatically activate Windows when I'm online
Click on Next
Click on No to confirm you do not want to enter a product key
Highlight the version of Vista you want to install
Check that it is the same edition you have purchased (if you want to enter in a product key at a later time).
Click on Next
Check accept the license and terms
Click on Next
Install a clean copy and continue as with a regular install.

Windows Vista tips Troubleshooting

Windows vista Tips Troubleshooting.

Windows Vista Tips to use snip toolWindows vista have program called snip by which you can take screenshot and put it in document or send by email. You can take different type of snap like free form, rectangular and full screen and you can send in various formats like jpg or gif or html. To access this tool open start Manu and type SNIP at new button.
Access command prompt in windows vista
In windows vista if you want to open folder in dos prompt. Then you don’t need to go at command prompt and writing long boring command.
Just right click the folder and hold the shift key that you want to use in command prompt and select open in command windows.

Get permanently Manu bar in windows vista
You can not find manu bar in windows vista by default
To see it temporary press Alt button.
To get turn on manu bar permanently.
Open my computer Click on tools then folder option
Then select view tab and select the option show manu.
Apply changes and ok.

Windows Vista Tips to change Icon size
Right click on free space of desktop
Select tab view and choose to classic Icons.

Windows Vista Tricks to change default browser
In windows vista if you click on link it will automatically open in IE
But if you want to open link in firebox or another browser
Then in control panel open programs and default programs
Then click on set your default program
Now select web browser you want
And click select default for this program
And check http for protocols
And apply changes.

Windows Vista Tricks to send photo by Email
In all Microsoft operating system when you right click on picture pics you can find option to send by email but in windows vista on one more feature is you can send it in different size like 768 x 1024 or 1280 x 1024 or real size as it is.

Windows vista tricks Add program to start manu
Just right click program and sect pin to start manu this list will appear above the recently opened program.

Windows vista GUI Performance

If you have not very high hardware configuration and want to speed up graphics then you need to turn off some features.
Right click on my computer and open properties.
In advance option
Select performance and click on setting
Now customize the option.

Windows Vista Tricks for Changing the Sidebar
Vista sidebar take unnecessary place on desktop and you can’t place other icon there
You can remove individual gadget from sidebar
Right click on gadgets and click detach
Move it where you want on desktop
Even you can close side bar by right click on side bar and close.
To get back side bar click icon on system tray.
There will now be an icon in the system tray for the sidebar if you want to get it back.

Windows Vista tips Troubleshooting

Create Windows Vista Recovery Disk

How to create Windows Vista Recovery Disk

Windows Vista is powerful operating system but if you facing some serious virus problem or due to some major failure. You need to run a recovery routine to save your system to be reformatted. You require creating windows vista recovery disk

Vista steps to create Windows Vista Recovery Disk

Before creating disk consider this points.

Consider creating a partition on your hard drive specifically for Windows Vista recovery.

Always download the latest drivers for your hardware and software prior to creating a recovery disk
Keep Windows Vista installation disk with you.
Step One
Start Windows Vista and log on to the administrator account. This will make it easier to get access to all of your most important files.
Step Two
Place a blank CD-R or DVD-R into the appropriate optical drive. There is no need to format this disk.
Step Three
Consider creating a folder on your desktop in which to place all of your most important files. This will make it easier to create a simple recovery disk later.
Step Four
Copy important files from their current locations to either the temporary folder you created, or simply right-click on them and select the "Send to" option followed by the drive letter of the optical drive. This will automatically spool the file to be prepped for writing to the disk.
Step Five
Burn all of the files you wish to keep for later recovery to the optical drive. This will not only allow you to install the files to the drive when you need to perform a system recovery, but it will also permit you to avoid formatting the hard drive.

Before doing this you should have basic windows vista technical knowledge

Windows Vista Features Reviews

Windows Vista Features & Reviews



Windows Vista Aero- reviews topic
redesigned GUI that is clean, eye-pleasing, supports transparencies and animations. The best Windows Vista Features as compare to other windows operating system

Windows vista Shell- considerable features
significantly different from Windows XP and includes built-in search. Even the Start Menu has changed.

vista Search- good feature
much faster and more thorough, similar to Window's Desktop Search and Apple's Spotlight.

Windows vista Sidebar features-
new panel on the right that has replaceable Desktop Gadgets (or widgets), e.g. weather.

Internet Explorer reviews in vista-
more secured than before, supports tabbed browsing like Firefox and reads RSS.

Windows Media Player 11-includes new GUI, search-as-you-type, sharing music and iTunes-like music store called URGE.

Windows vista Defender and Firewall-
advanced anti-spyware and 2-way firewall now integrated into the OS.

Windows Mail- need to be reviews
replaces Outlook Express with better stability and enhanced features.

Windows SideShow reviews.
supports auxillary displays, e.g. an additional smaller display on the outside of a laptop LCD.

Speech Recognition-
completely integrated into Windows Vista to activate commands and for dictation.

Windows Photo Gallery-
photo and movie app that supports easy importing, editing, slideshows and DVD burning.

Windows Collaboration-
replaces NetMeeting and allows collaboration over the network or P2P technology.

SuperFetch-
speeds up the loading of Windows and other applications by storing them in memory.

ReadyBoost-
temporary performance booster by utilizing any flash disk (e.g. USB drive) as memory.

ReadyDrive-
enables Windows Vista PCs equipped with hybrid hard drives to boot up almost instantly.

DirectX 10 in windows vista-
includes Shader Model 4.0 and Geometry shaders, which require the graphics card to support WDDM. This will allow the GPU to render complex scenes by itself.

Windows vista Media Center reviews and features-
previously existed as a separate edition in Windows XP called Windows XP Media Center. It is now built into Windows Vista Home Premium and Ultimate editions.

Regedit Windows Vista

As now windows vista introduced and as A techie guy everyone like to know about Regedit for Windows Vista.There are many option in regedit windows vista. I will update it as i collect registry editing windows vista.

you must take back up before doing any changes to registry of windows vista or windows XP.

Now graphics is most attractive features for windows vista.
Soo by regedit windows vista you can make great graphics.

you can Enable Avalon Effects in windows Vista

Make Aero turned on, and do the Following steps to add some effect on desktop and explorer :
go to run and type "regedit".
Go to HKEY_Local_Machine > Software > Microsoft > Windows > Current Version > Explorer.
you need to make new DWORD and name it MILDesktop.
give value to MILDesktop to 1
Create a new DWORD and call it MILExplorer
Set the value of MILExplorer to 1
Exit and Restart

As if u want to Remove Splash Screen in Windows Vista mail do the following
go to the registy editor using regedit at run
expandHKEY_CURRENT_USER -- Software -- Microsoft -- Windows Mail.
Set "NoSplash"=dword:00000001
Exit and Restart


Now everyone like to see administrator at welcome screen as in windows vista
Show Administrator on Welcome Screen

Start type "control userpasswords2".
Select administrator account, click reset password (input new pass) and hit "OK".
open run and start "regedit".
and expand registry to
HKEY-LOCAL_MACHINE > SOFTWARE -- Microsoft -- Windows NT > CurrentVersion -- Winlogon -- SpecialAccounts -- UserList.
Create "DWORD (32bit) Value" with Value Name: Administrator and Value Data: 1

Microsoft has stopped full user control by default in Windows Vista .

The Aurora screensavers is built in Windows Vista screen saver. If you right click on the desktop, choose Personalization, then Screen Saver, you will be able to select
when you click the Settings button next to the screensaver, windows vista show error message message: “No options. This screensaver has no options that you can set.” I
Guess we might as well give up, right? Nopes.
Here is a trick

In windows Vista open regedit and enter.
Now expand registry to HKEY-CURRENT_USER > Software- Microsoft > Windows > Current Version > Screensavers and Aurora.
creat new DWORD[ 32-bit]. Name it NumLayers then for value select Decimal and then set a value.
Be careful what value you give to Amplitude as it may result int dark screen for your screensaver.

For the Ribbons screensaver you may like to create two new keys dubbed NumRibbons and RibbonWidth, and and set value accordingly.

For the Mystify screensaver DWORD (32-bit) Value named NumLines. Give bigger value to get interesting effect.
the Bubbles screensaver can receive four values MaterialGlass, Radius, ShowBubles, ShowShadows.

If you want to reverto original things just delete the registry dword values that you added.
I will add more regedit for windows vista and windows xp soon.

Windows vista slow startup

Windows vista slow start up proble and solution:-
Facing lots of problem for Windows Vista slow start up. This is common for new operating system.
Now many people facing problem about windows vista slow start up and windows vista takes to long even after entering password screen to boots up.

It may some time show message like Errors: AFEE32.EXE
And also find Server Busy

The possible reason and solution are

Most common reason is Trojan virus called afee32.exe = TAJEAWE.EXE .This is a backdoor Trojan. However these are just some of its files, the virus's real name is "W32 Randex". This Trojan using a port back door. You can find explanation about this virus at

http://www.symantec.com/security_response/writeup.jsp?docid=2003-081213-3232-99&tabid=1

Try running WINDOWS DEFENDER or Windows OneCare 1.5 to isolate the file.
Use MS Malicious Virus Removal Tool, it will remove this virus according to MS.

http://www.microsoft.com/security/malwareremove/default.mspx

Now if your system is not virus infected than follow these steps

Use msconfing on run and disable unnecessary start up program.

Also try defragging and generally cleaning up the system spyware adware checks virus scans etc..

Make sure all the driver are correct.

Uninstall or unplug external hardware besides your mouse and keyboard. And see if any difference you found.

Useful keyboard shortcut

Here are some of most useful key-board shortcuts.
Copy = Ctrl+c
Cut = Ctrl+x
Paste = Ctrl+v
Undo = Ctrl+z
Delete = Delete
Delete selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin:= SHIFT+DELETE
To copy selected item, CTRL while dragging an item
Create shortcut to selected item, CTRL+SHIFT while dragging an item
Rename selected item, F2
Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word, CTRL+RIGHT ARROW
Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word, CTRL+LEFT ARROW
Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph, CTRL+DOWN ARROW
Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph, CTRL+UP ARROW Highlight a block of text, CTRL+SHIFT with any of the arrow keys
Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text within a document, SHIFT with any of the arrow keys
Select all, CTRL+A
Search for a file or folder, F3
View properties for the selected item, ALT+ENTER
Close the active item, or quit the active program, ALT+F4
Opens the shortcut menu for the active window, ALT+SPACEBAR
Close the active document in programs that allow you to have multiple documents open simultaneously, CTRL+F
Switch between open items, ALT+TAB
Cycle through items in the order they were opened, ALT+ESC
Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop, F6
Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer, F4
Display the shortcut menu for the selected item, SHIFT+F10
Display the System menu for the active window, ALT+SPACEBAR
Display the Start menu, CTRL+ESC
Display the corresponding menu, ALT+Underlined letter in a menu name
Refresh the active window. F5
View the folder one level up in My Computer or Windows Explorer. BACKSPACE
Cancel the current task. ESC
SHIFT when you insert a CD into the CD-ROM drive Prevent the CD from automatically playing.

Use these keyboard shortcuts for dialog boxes:=
Move forward through tabs, CTRL+TAB
Move backward through tabs, CTRL+SHIFT+TAB
Move forward through options. TAB
Move backward through options. SHIFT+TAB
Carry out the corresponding command or select the corresponding option. ALT+Underlined letter
Carry out the command for the active option or button. ENTER
Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box. SPACEBAR
Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons. Arrow keys
Display Help. F1
Display the items in the active list. F4

Helpful accessibility keyboard shortcuts:=
Switch FilterKeys on and off. Right SHIFT for eight seconds
Switch High Contrast on and off. Left ALT +left SHIFT +PRINT SCREEN
Switch MouseKeys on and off. Left ALT +left SHIFT +NUM LOCK
Switch StickyKeys on and off. SHIFT five times
Switch ToggleKeys on and off. NUM LOCK for five seconds

Windows Vista tips Troubleshooting

windows vista printer installation problem

Windows vista printer installation problem and troubleshooting.

Windows vista facing problem with printer installation, some may be due to printer drivers or some problem due to windows vista configuration settings.

You want to use Windows Vista and you want to be able to print to a network printer, you are going to have to use UAC. You turned it off. Turn it back on. You are using the in-built “Administrator” account? Log-out and log-in as a normal admin.
. Microsoft says you have to use UAC to get a printer installed. If you do not use it, you get this ugly message:

Windows cannot connect to the printer. The specified print monitor is unknown.”

This error message shows up is not clear, it has nothing to do with the printer you choose to use or the process you take. This particular message is displayed when trying to add a printer via the wizard:

Solution available for printer installation on windows vista.

-->Only solution available is to re-enable UAC, restart the PC, add the printer, go through the UAC prompts, disable UAC, and then restart once more. It is really teasing.

-->If you are not using printer soo often than you can try this

1. Open the network share to the remote computer that has the printer installed.
2. Browse to the printer.
3. Drag the printer to the desktop with the right-mouse button, and select “Create shortcut.”
4. Drag the document you want to print to the shortcut on your desktop.
5. Rinse and repeat.

Another bug that got past the extensive RTM testing process. It is a bug that came into existence during the finalization process.

-->Troubleshoot printer installation in windows vista.

1. In Vista PC’s go to “Control Panel” - “Printers” - “Add printer”.
2. Click “Add a local printer” (I know you want to add a network printer but that way it doesn’t work).
3. Click “Create a new port” - “Local Port” - “Next”
4. In the next box you have to enter a port name like this: \\PC name\Printer name where “PC name” is the network name of the XP PC where you have the printer and “Printer name” the network name of that printer. Be careful with these names - you can double-check by viewing the PC in “Network Places.”
5. Finish the wizard and enjoy your UAC-free network printing.

Windows Vista Requirements

Windows vista requirements



According to Microsoft corp, computers hardware requirements for Windows Vista are classified as Vista Capable and Vista Premium Ready.

A Windows Vista (requirements)Capable or equivalent PC needs to have at minimum an 800 MHz processor, 512 MB RAM and a DirectX 9 class graphics card. A computer that meets these requirements will be capable of running all editions of Windows Vista although some of the special features and high end graphics options may require additional or more advanced hardware for windows vista.

A Windows Vista Premium Ready PC will take advantage of windows Vista's "high-end" features but will need at least a 1.0 GHz processor, 1 GB main memory, and an Aero-compatible graphics card with at least 128 MB graphics memory and supporting the new Windows Display Driver Model. The company also offers Windows Vista Upgrade Advisor from its website to determine the requirement of a PC to run Windows Vista in its various guises. The utility runs on Windows XP (with Service Pack 2) and Windows Vista.
Microsoft lists some Windows Vista capable hardware on their website. The "Windows Vista Premium Ready" laptops they specify have Intel Core 2 Duo T5500 or above CPUs and 1 GB memory.

Windows Vista's "Basic" and "Classic" interfaces will work with virtually any graphics hardware that supports Windows XP or 2000; accordingly, most discussion around Vista's graphics requirements centers on those for the Windows Aero interface. As of Windows Vista Beta 2, the NVIDIA GeForce FX family and later, the ATI Radeon 9500 and later, Intel's GMA 950 integrated graphics, and a handful of VIA chipsets and S3 Graphics discrete chips are supported requirements.Though some XGI Technology Volari chips were DirectX 9 (including the Volari V3XT which was available in PCI cards), with XGI's exit from the graphics card business it appears none of its chips are supported as of Windows Vista Beta 2. A PCI Express (PCIe) video card is not a requirement for Windows Aero, but Microsoft recommends PCIe video over an AGP device due to the interface's greater bandwidth. There are some PCI cards available that are compatible with Windows Vista as well.

Windows Vista system Hardware Requirements

Vista Capable

Processor 800MHz minimum requirements
Memory 512 MB
Graphics card DirectX 9 capable
HDD capacity 20 GB
HDD free space 15 GB
Other drives DVD-ROM

Windows Vista Premium Ready requirements

Processor 1.0 GMHz
Memory 1 GB minimum requirements
Graphics card DirectX 9 capable GPU with Hardware Pixel Shader v2.0 and WDDM driver support
Graphics memory 28 MB RAM supports up to 2,756,000 total pixels (e.g. 1920 × 1200) or 512 MB+ for greater resolutions such as 560x1600
HDD capacity 40 GB
HDD free space 15 GB for windows vista
Other drives DVD-RW rquirements as vista dvd options available.

Windows Vista Requirements tips Troubleshooting

Vista Guide

vista guide to creat shutdown and restart button

This blog's each post have diffrent vista guide and update regularly. here are the steps for creating shutdown and restart button in windows vista.
Windows vista has quick power button to put the computer into sleep mode. But most user don’t use sleep mode. So I add this vista tips to convert sleep mode to shutdown button.
press windows + R to access run.
Type powercfg.cpl ,1
This load power options menu


Once this loads, find the “Power Buttons and Lid > Start Menu Power Button tree”. Now right click on setting and select the action as shown in the picture. Click OK once this is done:



now view your start menu of windows vista. Icon has change to power off button.